Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2018

Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2018

[Intro Music] What’s up guys! It’s Oevatso and today we’ll be talking about programming languages. Do a simple web search and you’ll find there are hundreds of programming languages in existence. Learning a new programming language can help boost your skill set and understanding of software development or web development. These days, programmers are in great demand. Over the past decade, coding jobs have become mainstream, creating millions of employment opportunities every year. For learning a new language, one must look at the latest trends. This gives a strong idea about the future and how much a language can grow in usage and importance. Here are the top 10 programming languages to learn: Number 10: Go Go/GoLang is a free and open source programming language that’s aimed at making simple, efficient, and reliable software. Three Google employees created Go back in 2007. In 2016, Go’s popularity skyrocketed because it emphasizes simplicity, high performance, efficiency and built-in support. Many Go projects are also used for web servers, APIs, minimal web application frameworks, etc. It has an excellent standard library and it compiles fast. It’s also great with concurrent tasks as well as programs. Go receives a good amount of support from its parent company, as it has been incorporated in several Google projects. Sites that use Go are Netflix, YouTube, and Adobe. Number 9: Swift Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm and compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, MacOS, WatchOS, and tvOS application development. Before Swift, many applications were built with Objective-C, however, many Apple developers have now moved on to Swift as it reduces the length of the code, saves time and energy. Developers with knowledge of Swift have been in tremendous demand. It adopts the best of C and Objective-C, allowing a developer to create an intuitive app. In fact, it’s open source, so developers can also develop on Windows or Linux systems, design their compilers and be assured that their apps are compatible with Apple devices. In March 2017, less than three years after its official debut, Swift made the top 10 in the monthly TIOBE index ranking of popular programming languages. Many global companies have been very quick to adopt to Swift and we will continue to see this new language on the rise in the future.
Number 8: Ruby Ruby is a dynamic reflective, object-oriented, and general-purpose programming language. It was designed and developed in the mid-90s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. Ruby is best known for its use in web programming. Ruby, like Python, is a powerful yet easy to learn programming language. Even though Ruby has been around roughly as long as Python, it didn’t become popular until its Rails framework was developed. In computer programming, a framework is an addition to a language, which makes doing a certain task faster or easier. Rails is a framework that makes web development in Ruby extremely intuitive. As previously mentioned, Ruby is very similar to Python, however, Ruby is known for having a style, which some programmers find unappealing. As a result, Python is often given the edge over Ruby. This shouldn’t be considered a flaw because as the developer of Ruby pointed out, everyone’s style is different, some programmers may prefer Ruby over Python or vice versa. Metasploit and Twitter are two very different applications programmed in Ruby. Metasploit is the most popular information security tool used by many individuals and companies for security purposes. Twitter is the world famous social media website, which was originally developed with Ruby using its Rails framework. Ruby is a favorite among developers, start-ups, and established businesses with many qualities as fast development, fewer lines of code to write, a broad variety of third-party libraries available, a thriving community support and expected constant improvements in the code. Number 7: PHP PHP, which stands for Personal Home Page, is a server-side scripting language created in 1994. It was designed primarily for web development, but it is also used as a general-purpose programming language. PHP code may be embedded into HTML or HTML5 markup, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems and web frameworks. PHP code is usually processed by a PHP interpreter, implemented as a module in the web server or as a CGI (Common Gateway Interface) executable. The web server software combines the results of the interpreted and executed PHP code, which may be any type of data, including images with the generated web page. PHP code may also be executed with a command-line interface and can be used to implement standalone graphical applications. It is used on more than 80 percent of websites today including Facebook, Wikipedia and WordPress. PHP is a popular language among new programmers due to its easy-to-use techniques. It also does offer tons of advanced features for more experienced programmers. Its ubiquity and trivial distribution across hosting vendors, the seamless integration with MySQL RDBMS, and starter applications have led to a massive demand for PHP web developers across the world. If you wish to become a web developer, PHP is an important language that you need to learn.
Number 6: C Many people in the programming community consider C to be the grandfather of all modern languages. This is for two reasons: 1) C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion. 2) Many of today’s languages such as Java, C++ and Python are directly influenced by C. It was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie, back when some computers were the size of an entire room. C implements a procedure that aims to use as little memory as possible. C is a powerful language and the perfect language when you need absolute control over your software. This is why it is the backbone for many of today’s most popular operating systems such as Windows, MacOS, and Linux. Almost all computerized devices are wholly or partly written in C. From microwaves, remote controllers, calculators, databases to space shuttle controls, the C language is likely used in some capacity. Despite its age, C is still heavily used, and will likely remain relevant for many years to come. It is still widely used for system programming, writing other programming languages, and embedded systems. Number 5: C# Developed and designed by Microsoft in the early 2000s, C# is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. C# is relatively a newer language that breathes life into a wide range of Microsoft applications that are powered by the .NET Framework. The programming in C# is very much based on C and C++. Therefore, if you have a basic idea of C or C++, learning C# won’t be tough. If you’re interested in developing Windows application or developing a website which will run on a Windows server, C# is a good choice. Number 4: C++ C++ is a general purpose programming language that has influenced many other modern programming languages. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation. The language first appeared in 1983 when Bjarne Stroustrup designed it. It’s considered to be an intermediate level language that has the qualities of both a high-level and low-level programming language. Essentially C++ is C with more features. While both of them are considered general-purpose programming languages, C is usually used for “close to the machine” software like operating systems, whereas C++ is usually used for higher-level applications like accounting software or video game engines. For big software projects such as web browsers, computer graphics drivers and financial trading algorithms, C++ is often the first choice. C++ may be more appropriate for some tasks that C would be overly difficult or too time consuming to use. The engines that power many of today’s most popular video games such as Call of Duty, Halo, and FIFA are written in C++. Also, big budget computer animation studios such as Pixar, Disney and DreamWorks use C++ in some capacity in their animation software. Number 3: Python Python is a widely used high-level programming language for general-purpose programming. It was created by Guido van Rossum in 1991. If someone came up to me and asked, “What’s an easy programming language to learn for beginners?” I would recommend Python due to its simple syntax. The language provides constructs intended to enable writing clear programs on both a small and large scale. Python features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management, which supports multiple programming paradigms, including object-oriented, imperative, functional programming, and procedural styles. It’s the starter language in many computer science courses around the world. Python has the biggest year-on-year job demand growth of any language, stated by the Stone River Academy. It is a versatile embedded scripting language, a solid foundation of many web frameworks, a preferred choice for automating tasks, including 3D software applications, programming desktop tools, and performing data science and computation activities. Python has a large and comprehensive standard library. Several libraries have been created for Python related to mathematics and physics due to its use in the educational field. Tech giants like Google and Yahoo along with NASA, Instagram, YouTube and Reddit use Python for their websites. Number 2: JavaScript JavaScript, also known as the language of the web, is a high-level, dynamic, and interpreted programming language that’s supported by all modern web browsers. People who are new to computer programming often don’t know that Java and JavaScript are two totally different programming languages. I was once one of those people. JavaScript was originally called Mocha or LiveScript, however, due to Java’s popularity at the time, the creators changed the name to attract more people. The language first appeared in Netscape Navigator in 1995, laying the foundations of dynamic web pages in the modern web. It allows the developers to build web applications and spice up web pages by adding interactive elements. With JavaScript, you can display pop-up messages, drop down menus, add effects to the web pages or develop games with the basic functionality. Pages without JavaScript are rather bland, whereas JavaScript allow sites for animations and better control over the web interface. Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment for executing JavaScript code server-side. This enables JavaScript to be used for server-side scripting in order to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser. JavaScript is used by 88% of all websites. In 2016, compatibility and adoption of JavaScript continued to grow and Progressive Web Apps became more usable, allowing offline-first functionality for web apps. Number 1: Java Java is a general purpose and object-oriented programming language that is used for creating server-side applications, video games and mobile applications. It is intended to let developers “write once, run anywhere,” meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Microsystems’ Java platform. Oracle Corporation currently maintains Java as the company acquired Sun Microsystems in 2010. Java is one of the most popular, most adopted programming languages, used by nine million developers and running on seven billion devices globally. Java was designed to be a language that could run on any device such as computers, smartphones, tablets, and more. This language is the core element of most native Android applications such as Angry Birds and Candy Crush Saga. Businesses both large and small are powered by applications written in this language. This means that if you have an idea for an innovative type of business software, Java is probably the best language for you. The same is true for much of the proprietary business software that airlines, government agencies, and Fortune 500 companies use every day. Knowing one of these programming languages can increase your chances of getting hired for positions like software engineer, software developer, operating system programmer, scientific programmer, systems programmer, game developer and many more positions. If there is one thing to take away from this analysis is that, no programming language can accomplish every task. To be a successful developer or programmer, it is important to master multiple languages and train yourself to pick up new languages quickly so you can adapt to changing job opportunities. That’s it for today, if you enjoyed this video, hit that like button! Comment down below your thoughts, questions you might have, or what I should do for my next video. Click on that subscribe button to be part of Team Oevatso and ring that bell below to get notified when I upload. Like my Facebook page, follow me on Twitter and support me on Patreon. Thanks for watching!

2 thoughts to “Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2018”

  1. So, which of these programming languages suits your needs and interests? Have you already learned one of these programming languages?

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