May 2017 | Science & U!

May 2017 | Science & U!


♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪>>>HELLO. I’M CAROL ANNE RIDDELL. THIS IS “SCIENCE & U!.” KICKING OFF OUR SHOW TODAY, A GREAT REASON TO PAY MORE ATTENTION TO MATH AND TECHNOLOGY. IT COULD AFFECT YOUR WALLET. AN ALGORITHM WRITTEN IN EUROPE MAY CHANGE THE WAY WE INVEST. LISA BETH KOVETZ HAS THE STORY OF A POLISH COMPANY MAKING A BIG SPLASH IN THE FINANCIAL TECH WORLD.>>WE’VE COME TO POLAND TO TALK ABOUT GLOBALIZATION, IS CHANGING THE WAY SMALL COUNTRIES CONTRIBUTE TO LARGER MARKETPLACES. THEY’RE DOING IT THROUGH TECHNOLOGY. A POLISH COMPANY, EXERIA, RECENTLY WON NEW YORK’S BENZINGA AWARD FOR INNOVATIVE WORK IN THE FIELD OF AUTOMATED INVESTING. WHAT DID THEY DO THAT WAS SO INNOVATIVE?>>EXERIA ALLOWS PEOPLE TO BUILD THEIR OWN ALGORITHMIC ROBOTS TO USE THEM ON THE FINANCIAL MARKETS.>>THAT SOUNDS SO COOL RIGHT? BUT WHAT DOES IT REALLY MEAN? AN ALGORITHMIC ROBOT IS A COMPUTER PROGRAM THAT EXECUTES YOUR BUY AND SELL AND TRADE ORDER AUTOMATICALLY, CONSISTENTLY AND CONTINUOUSLY.>>WHEN I COME UP WITH AN IDEA AND MY MODEL SAYS BUY NOW, I GO TO BUY NOW. BUT I’LL SIT THERE AND SAY MAYBE I’LL WAIT A MINUTE, TEN MINUTES. I’LL SEE WHAT HAPPENS, AND I DON’T DO IT. BY USING AN ALGORITHM IT ENFORCES MY METHODOLOGY SO I CAN’T SECOND GUESS MYSELF.>>MANY TRADERS LOVE TO TRADE BECAUSE OF EMOTIONS, BECAUSE THEY’RE EXCITED WHEN THEY TRADE. BUT IT’S NOT THE STRATEGY, IT’S GAMBLING.>>INVESTING IS A GAMBLE, AND THERE ARE NO GUARANTEED OUTCOMES. BUT INFORMATION MITIGATES RISK.>>IF YOU GO BACK AND LOOK AT STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES, CALLED TECHNICAL ANALYSIS, THEY GO BACK TO THE 1600s IN JAPAN. THE USE OF QUANTITATIVE MODELS IS A LONGSTANDING TECHNIQUE THAT TRADERS AND INVESTORS HAVE USED.>>WHY SHOULD ANY OF US CARE ABOUT THAT? BECAUSE THOSE TOOLS HAVE BE AVAILABLE TO HIGH-END INVESTORS FOR SOME TIME NOW. EXERIA IS OFFERING THEM TO ANY TRADER WHO WOULD LIKE TO INVEST.>>IN THE PAST, USING ALGORITHMS WERE RESERVED FOR WEALTHY PEOPLE OR BANKS, FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.>>WE’RE TRYING TO DEMOCRATIZE INVESTING. WE HAVE ROBO ADVISERS THAT CAN HELP US NOW. ROBOTS WILL CHANGE THE WAY YOU INVEST.>>ROBO INVESTING, AND I THINK THAT’S THE SUBJECT OF A LOT OF CONCERN BY PEOPLE, A LOT OF INTEREST BY PEOPLE TODAY BECAUSE IT IS PROBABLY THE NEWEST BUZZWORD THAT WE SEE IN THE MARKET.>>IS IT POSSIBLE THAT SOME DAY ROBOTS MAY TAKE OVER OUR FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS?>>I’M NOT SURE THEY HAVEN’T. EVEN IF I’M HOME AND I SEND IN AN ORDER TO SCHWAB, OR ETRADE OR FIDELITY OR T.D. AMERITRADE, WHOEVER I SEND IT TO, I’M AUTOMATING IT BECAUSE I’M ENTERING IT IN MY COMPUTER, IT GOES TO A COMPUTER AT MY BROKER, FROM MY BROKER IT GOES TO THE A COMPUTER AT THE EXCHANGE OR MARKETPLACE. THERE ARE NO PEOPLE RUNNING AROUND THE FLOORS WAVING THEIR ARMS AND TRADING ANYMORE.>>ALL THESE MODERN TOOLS ARE GREAT IF YOU ALREADY UNDERSTAND THE MARKET. BUT WHAT IF YOU ARE JUST STARTING OUT? IN OUR VISIT TO EXERIA’S OFFICES IN POLAND, WE MET A CODE WRITER WHO’S USING TECH TO TEACH YOU THE INS AND OUTS WITH A VIDEO GAME.>>I’M MAKING AN APPLICATION ABOUT TED, HE’S A BEGINNER TRADER, AND WE LEARN FROM HIM PLAYING THROUGH, WE LEARN ABOUT HOW THE STOCK MARKET WORKS.>>TED GETS A SERIOUS EDUCATION IN THE MATH THAT UNDERLIES INVESTMENTS WHICH FOCUSES ON GRAPHIC TOOLS, FORMATION, TREND LINES AND FIBONACCI LEVELS. BUT IS IT THE FINANCES OR THE TECHNOLOGIES THAT INTEREST THIS INNOVATOR?>>I WAS MORE INTERESTED IN THE PROGRAMMING THAN THE STOCK MARKET.>>THIS MASH UP OF PROGRAMMING AND ROBOTS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY IS ALREADY BRINGING MAJOR CHANGES TO HOW WE INVEST. IN RECENT WEEKS, PER THE “NEW YORK TIMES,” BLACKROCK, THE WORLDS LARGEST INVESTING FIRM, ANNOUNCED PLANS TO MERGE A LARGE NUMBER OF HUMAN MANAGED MUTUAL FUNDS WITH ALGORITHMIC FUNDS. EXERIA IS UP FOR IT’S SECOND BENZINGA IN THE CATEGORY OF BEST ROBO ADVISORY AND THEY OPENED THEIR FIRST U.S. OFFICES IN CALIFORNIA WITH PLANS FOR AMERICA AND BEYOND.>>WE WILL DEVELOP EXERIA ON EVERY CONTINENT IN THE WORLD AND WE WILL BRING THIS PROJECT TO EVERY PEOPLE, EVERY MAN AND WOMAN INTERESTED IN INVESTING.>>THIS HAS BEEN LISA BETH KOVETZ FOR “SCIENCE & U!.” THE FINANCIAL INDUSTRY IS ONE OF SO MANY AREAS WHERE TECHNOLOGY IS REDEFINING THE FUTURE. GIVEN THAT, WE KNOW IT’S CRUCIAL TO GET TODAY’S STUDENTS MORE ENGAGED IN STEM, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATH. BUT TEACHING STEM IN A KID FRIENDLY WAY CAN BE A CHALLENGE. OUR TINABETH PINA INTRODUCES US TO SOME EDUCATORS TACKLING THAT WITH METHODS YOU MIGHT NOT EXPECT.>>FAMA LIVE IS AN AWARD WINNING SCIENCE EDUCATION CONCERT CREATED BY HONEYWELL AND NASA THAT CONNECTS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING TO EVERY-DAY LIFE.>>THE MOST IMPORTANT THING ABOUT THE SHOW IS THAT THERE’S A LACK OF INTEREST IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, MATH CAREERS. FROM THE STUDIES THAT HONEYWELL HAS DONE, WE NEED TO GET THEM INVOLVED AND INSPIRED. BUT WE NEED TO BRING IT TO THEM AT A LEVEL THEY UNDERSTAND. THIS IS THE BEST WAY TO DO IT.>>THE INTERACTIVE TRAVELING HIP-HOP CONCERT TEACHES LAWS OF MOTION AND GRAVITY TO MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS.>>THE COOLEST THING TO SEE IS THE STUDENTS LEAVING THE SHOWS EVERY TIME WE PERFORM AND THEY’RE SINGING THE SONGS, DOING THE DANCES, GETTING INVOLVED. THE REACTION IS ENERGETIC, EXCITING, AND SOMETHING WE DIDN’T SEE FROM THEM AS THEY WALKED IN THE DOOR.>>FAMA LIVE IS NOT THE ONLY EDUCATOR USING HIP-HOP TO TEACH SCIENCE. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR CHRISTOPHER EMDIN HAS BEEN DROPPING SCIENCE BEATS WITH HIS STUDENTS ALL OVER NEW YORK CITY FOR OVER FIVE YEARS. ♪ I’M AN EMOTION, CHANGE IN LOCATION ♪ ♪ I LIKE EINSTEIN BECAUSE EINSTEIN’S MIND IS LIKE MINE ♪ I USE HIP-HOP BECAUSE KIDS LOVE HIP-HOP. I ALSO USE OTHER THINGS KIDS LOVE. I’VE USED VIDEO GAMES TO TEACH PHYSICS TO THE NINTH GRADE IN THE BRONX. WE WOULD DO VIDEO GAME PHYSICS. THE IDEA IS FOR THE TEACHERS TO BE CREATIVE ENOUGH TO LOOK AT ANY PHENOMENA THAT MEANS SOMETHING TO YOUNG PEOPLE AND THEN HIGHLIGHT WHAT IS INHERENTLY SCIENTIFIC IN THAT PHENOMENA SO YOUNG FOLKS CAN REALIZE THAT SCIENCE CAN ACTUALLY BE COOL AND CONNECTED TO SOMETHING THAT THEY LOVE.>>DR. EMDIN TEACHES SEVERAL TYPES OF SCIENCE TO EVERY STUDENT HE CAN. FROM GRADE SCHOOL TO GRADUATE SCHOOL.>>TOMORROW YOU MIGHT CALL ME AND I MIGHT BE IN A SCHOOL IN THE BRONX CO-TEACHING A NINTH OR TENTH GRADE CLASS. TONIGHT I’LL BE TEACHING GRADUATE STUDENTS AT COLUMBIA AT TEACHER’S COLLEGE. I MIGHT POP UP SOMEWHERE AND ENGAGE A THIRD OR FOURTH GRADER.>>HOW WOULD YOU EXPLAIN YOUR TEACHING STYLE?>>I TEACH AS AN EMCEE. I TEACH BECAUSE I’M A MASTER OF CEREMONY AND I HAVE THE INTENTION TO MOVE THE CROWD. I HAVE TO MAKE SURE THE KIDS CONNECT.>>EXACTLY WHAT YOU JUST SAID, WRITE THAT DOWN. >>I’M NOT SAYING RAP IS THE KEY TO SCIENCE. I’M SAYING THAT IN RAP OUR SKILL SETS RELATE TO SCIENCE.>>IT REALLY IS HELPING. I’M STARTING TO GET BACK ON TRACK WITH MY SCIENCE. I SIT HOME LOOKING UP DIFFERENT SCIENCE TERMS BEFORE WE ACTUALLY LEARN THEM. AND I READ THE DEFINITIONS AND ALL THAT. THEN I PUT THEM INTO MY RAPS AND EVERYTHING.>>THE REACTION TO EMDIN’S TEACHING STYLE HAS BEEN SO POSITIVE HE CO-CREATED SCIENCE GENIUS, A SCIENCE RAP BATTLE THAT IS NOT ABOUT WHO IS THE BEST RAPPER BUT THE BEST SCIENTIST. ♪ MORE PEOPLE I KNOW KINETIC ENERGY GROW ♪ ♪I WILL GO TO WORK AND CREATE MY POTENTIAL ♪>>IN USING MUSIC, ART, CULTURE, ESPECIALLY THE CULTURE OF YOUNG PEOPLE IS IN ITSELF A WAY TO BE ABLE TO HONE IN ON SCIENCE SKILLS. YOU ARE MORE REFLECTIVE, MORE THEORETICAL IN YOUR APPROACH TO THINKING ABOUT THINGS. YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO DRAW CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THINGS THAT ARE SEEMINGLY DISCONNECTED.>>IT’S THAT PERCEIVED DISCONNECT THAT MAKES HIP-HOP AND SCIENCE EDUCATION MORE EFFECTIVE FOR BOTH TEACHERS AND STUDENTS. WHAT KIND OF CLASSROOMS ARE SUCESSFULLY TEACHING S.T.E.M.?>>ANY CLASS THAT DOES NOT DUMB DOWN THE EXPECTATIONS OF ACADEMIC RIGOR WHILE IT INCREASES THE ACADEMIC INTEREST OR THE SORT OF NATURAL INTEREST AND INCLINATION, WINS. THERE HAS TO BE THIS DELICATE, BEAUTIFUL BALANCE. THAT’S WHAT MY WORK IS ALL ABOUT. MY WORK IN SCIENCE EDUCATION, TO GET TO THAT POINT THAT FEELS LIKE MAGIC WHERE THE KIDS ARE SUPER ENGAGED, THEY’RE FUNCTIONING AT A HIGH LEVEL, THERE’S GOOD DIALOGUE GOING ON. EVERYBODY LEAVES THE CLASS MORE EXCITED, MORE LEARNED, MORE INFORMED. THAT’S WHAT ALL SCIENCE CLASSES SHOULD LOOK LIKE.>>THE BRAIN COHABITS — >>LISTEN, WE GOT TO TRANSFROM->>FOR “SCIENCE & U!.” I’M TINABETH PINA.>>JOINING US NOW TO TALK MORE ABOUT THIS STORY, OUR VERY OWN TINABETH. HOW FUN TO HAVE YOU HERE.>>I’M GLAD TO BE HERE.>>I LOVED THAT STORY.>>IT WAS A FUN STORY TO DO. UNLIKE ANY STORY I’VE DONE UP TO THIS POINT. THE MAN IS INFECTIOUS, THE IDEA OF THE STORY IS INFECTIOUS, BUT HIM IN PARTICULAR, YOU ARE DRAWN INTO HIM AND HIS ENERGY.>>IT ABSOLUTELY COMES THROUGH. YOU INTRODUCED US TO NOT ONE BUT TWO PROGRAMS USING HIP-HOP TO TEACH SCIENCE. IS IT POSSIBLE THIS COULD BE A TREND?>>ABSOLUTELY. FAMA LIVE HAS BEEN DOING IT FOR FOUR YEARS. EMDIN HAS BEEN DOING IT LONGER. YOU CAN SEE THE REACTION OF THE KIDS WHILE THEY’RE WATCHING THE SHOWS, THEY’RE MORE ENGAGED, MORE INTERESTED IN SCIENCE. BECAUSE LESS AND LESS STUDENTS ARE GOING INTO S.T.E.M., THIS IS A TREND TO GET MORE KIDS INTO S.T.E.M. EVEN EMDIN HAS KIDS GETTING Ph.D.s IN IT, AND THEY’RE KIDS HE’S SEEN SINCE GRADE SCHOOL, AND THEY’RE GETTING Ph.D.s NOW, SO HE’S CREATING LITTLE EMDINS.>>I WAS STRUCK BY HOW HE SAID ANYTHING KIDS LOVE OR CONNECT TOO IS A WAY TO TEACH THEM. DOES IT SEEM LIKE A LOT OF POSSIBILITIES OUT THERE?>>ABSOLUTELY. ONE THING HE WAS SAYING THAT STRUCK A CORD WITH ME, HE SAID THE SCHOOLS THAT ARE MOST SUCCESSFUL ARE MORE CULTURALLY RELEVANT. SO THEY’RE LOOKING AT THE CULTURE OF THE STUDENTS IN THE SCHOOL TO DRAW A PARALLEL SO IN THIS SENSE USING HIP-HOP TO TEACH SCIENCE BECAUSE THEY’RE INTERESTED IN HIP-HOP, IF THEY CAN TRANSLATE THAT INTEREST IN HIP-HOP TO SCIENCE, YOU HAVE WON AND STRUCK GOLD IT CAN BE AN INTEREST IN VIDEO GAMES, AN INTEREST IN — YOU WANT TO BE A HAIRDRESSER, LEARNING ABOUT CHEMISTRY, ADDING THAT ELEMENT INTO IT TO LEARN. THAT’S WHAT HE’S DOING. FINDING THE INTEREST. HE TAKES THE TIME TO GET TO KNOW THEM AND TEACHING FROM THAT POINT FORWARD.>>IT’S A DIFFERENT WAY OF LOOKING AT THINGS.>>YES.>>A LOT OF US WOULD NOT NECESSARILY MAKE THE CONNECTION BETWEEN HIP-HOP AND SCIENCE. WHAT I THINK HE WAS SAYING IS SOME OF THAT SKILL SET IS ACTUALLY WHAT YOU’RE TRYING TO GET AT. MAKING THOSE CONNECTIONS, WHERE THEY DON’T SEEM OBVIOUS.>>EXACTLY. AND THE FUNNY THING- HIS FOCUS IS NOT SO MUCH ON THE STUDENTS, BUT ON THE TEACHERS. TEACHING THEM TO TEACH PROPERLY, AND IF YOU TEACH PROPERLY, THE STUDENTS ARE GOING TO BE ENGAGED, THEY’LL LEARN MORE AND TAKE THAT TO THE NEXT LEVEL.>>I WANT TO HEAR MORE ABOUT THIS SCIENCE RAP BATTLE.>>IT’S COOL. HIS SCIENCE CURRICULUM STARTED AS SCIENCE GENIUS, HE CREATED THAT WITH A GUY FROM THE WU TANG CLAN. THEY THOUGHT WOULDN’T IT BE GREAT IF WE TAKE THIS SCIENCE GENIUS CURRICULUM WE HAVE AND CREATE A RAP BATTLE OUT OF IT THAT HAPPENS ONCE A YEAR. AND THEY HAVE ONE COMING UP ACTUALLY ON MAY 25th. THAT’S GOING TO BE THE CULMINATION OF THE SCIENCE GENIUS CURRICULUM FROM THE YEAR FOR THE STUDENTS. SO THEY BATTLE AND THEY’RE TALKING ABOUT->>IS IT MOSTLY HIGH SCHOOL KIDS?>>YEAH. MOSTLY HIGH SCHOOL KIDS. IT’S GOING INTERNATIONAL. THEY’LL HAVE A RAP BATTLE IN JAMAICA USING REGGAE MUSIC TO MAKE RAP BATTLES OUT OF THAT. IT’S SPREADING.>>ARE THERE OTHER THINGS HE TALKED TO YOU ABOUT IN TERMS OF WHAT AN EFFECTIVE EDUCATION — SCIENCE EDUCATION CLASSROOM LOOKS LIKE? HOW CLASSROOMS — YOU SAID HE FOCUSED ON THE TEACHERS. WHAT DOES HE WANT THE TEACHERS TO TAKE AWAY AS THEY GO BACK TO THEIR CLASSROOMS?>>HE WANTS THEM TO VISIT THE NEIGHBORHOODS THAT THESE KIDS THAT THEY’RE TEACHING LIVE IN. TO SEE WHAT INTERESTS THEM. HE SAID HE’S TAKEN SOME TEACHERS TO BLACK CHURCHES TO SEE HOW THE PREACHERS ARE TALKING TO CONGREGATIONS, AND HOW THOSE PEOPLE GET ENGAGED AND IF THEY CAN TAKE A PIECE OF THAT, BRING IT INTO THE CLASSROOM, THEY’VE WON. THAT’S THE MAGIC IN THE CLASSROOM, THE MAGIC IN SCIENCE, GETTING SCIENCE EMBEDDED IN THESE KIDS MINDS. EVEN IF THEY CHOOSE A CAREER NOT IN SCIENCE, WHATEVER THEY DO, THEY’RE ENGAGED. THAT’S THE ENGAGEMENT QUALITY.>>WE NEED MORE KIDS ENGAGED IN STEM.>>HE HAS SOME BOOKS OUT?>>HE DOES. HE HAS TWO BOOKS. THE FIRST HE CALLS IT HIS MIXED TAPE. THE URBAN SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR THE HIP-HOP GENERATION. HIS FOLLOW UP, HIS ALBUM, IS FOR WHITE FOLKS WHO TEACH IN THE HOOD, AND THE REST OF Y’ALL, TOO. THIS PRETTY MUCH IS FOLLOWING EVERYTHING THAT HE WAS SAYING ABOUT PEOPLE AND TEACHERS ENGAGING CULTURALLY WITH THEIR STUDENTS AND FINDING THOSE PARALLELS. IN THE ONE BOOK, HE HAS A PARALLEL BETWEEN THE NWA AND GALILEO. I DON’T KNOW WHAT THAT PARALLEL IS, BUT HE FINDS IT AND SHARES IT WITH READERS AND STUDENTS.>>THOSE ARE THE CONNECTIONS THAT RESONATE.>>EXACTLY. EXACTLY.>>AWESOME STUFF. THANK YOU SO MUCH. GREAT TO HAVE YOU. COME BACK.>>I WILL.>>CITY HALL ALSO WANTS SCIENCE TO BE A PRIORITY FOR KIDS. PUBLIC SCHOOLS ARE MAKING COMPUTER SCIENCE AND CODING PART OF EVERY STUDENT’S EDUCATION. HERE’S ARI GOLDBERG.>>ROBOTICS, THEY HAVE SOMETHING THEY CAN PRODUCE AND SHOW OFF. IT’S NOT JUST A MATH PROBLEM OR AN ESSAY. YOU CAN GO, HEY, CHECK THIS OUT. WE HAVE SOME GIRLS MAKING APPS, OR DESIGNING GAMES, PARTICIPATING IN HACK-A-THONS AND ALL THOSE THINGS FEEL LIKE AN END PRODUCT WHICH IS COOL.>>COMPUTER SCIENCE FOR ALL IS ONE OF MAYOR DeBLASIO’S SIGNATURE EFFORTS, STARTED AS A PILOT PROGRAM UNDER THE BLOOMBERG ADMINISTRATION, IT WILL BE INVOLVING ALL 1800 SCHOOLS IN THE CITY. IN IT’S FIRST YEAR THERE ARE ALREADY 299 SCHOOLS. ONE OF THE YOUNG ADOPTERS WAS THE YOUNG WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP SCHOOL IN ASTORIA.>>I THINK WE ALL AGREE TECHNOLOGY TOUCHES OUR LIVES IN SO MANY WAYS THAT TECHNOLOGY IS WOVEN INTO EVERY INDUSTRY TODAY, WHETHER IT’S FINANCE, FASHION, COOKING, YOU KNOW, IT’S A PART OF OUR LIVES NOW AND WILL ONLY CONTINUE. CS FOR ALL IS AN $80 MILLION PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP TO BRING COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION TO ALL OF NEW YORK CITY’S 1.1 MILLION PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS.>SOMETHING CALLED A HACK-A-THON MAY SOUND LIKE IT’S BETTER SUITED FOR A MOVIE PLOT, IT’S A SERIES OF PROGRAMMING AND CODING CHALLENGES FOR STUDENTS ACROSS THE CITY. FROM WEBSITE DESIGN TO SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AND APP MAKING. THAT’S THE POINT THE INITIATIVE IS TRYING TO INSTILL IN STUDENTS. THAT CODING ISN’T THE DOMAIN OF THE STEREOTYPE WHITE MALE COMPUTER GEEK ON TV. BUT A SKILL LIKE ANY OTHER THAN ANYONE CAN LEARN.>>THE COMPUTER CAN ACTUALLY READ IT, DO IT WHAT YOU WANT IT TO DO, AND THEN THEY CAN CREATE FROM THEIR OWN IMAGINATION. YOU MAKE YOUR OWN DISCOVERIES. RIGHT NOW WE’RE HAVING CODE, AND THEN THE ROBOT WILL UNDERSTAND WHAT WE WANT IT TO DO, THE DEGREES, HOW MANY ROTATIONS FOR HOW MANY SECONDS. ALL THESE THINGS THAT WE’LL BE DOING LOOPS WITH THE ROBOTS.>>DO THE STUDENTS LOOK AT THIS LIKE HOMEWORK?>>THEY’RE SUPER EXCITED. THEY COME IN EVERY DAY. IT’S NEVER ABOUT THE GRADE OR HOW DID I DO? IT’S MORE LIKE WHAT’S NEXT? WHAT DO I GET TO DO NEXT?>>A CORNERSTONE OF THE INITIATIVE IS TRAINING ALMOST 5,000 TEACHERS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE. WHAT I LOVE ABOUT THIS INITIATIVE IN PARTICULAR IS THAT IT’S NOT A ONE-SIZE FITS ALL APPROACH. SOME SCHOOLS, SOME TEACHERS SOME PRINCIPALS WANT TO WEAVE IT INTO COURSES THEY ALREADY HAVE, INTO ART AND SOCIAL STUDIES, MATH OF COURSE. OTHER SCHOOLS WANT TO TAKE A MULTI YEAR INTENSIVE APPROACH. THE TRAINING IS WELL AHEAD OF SCHEDULE IN TERMS OF TEACHER TRAINING, HAVING ALREADY TRAINED ABOUT 525 TEACHERS TO DATE. SO, YOU KNOW, WE THINK THAT EARLY ENTHUSIASM SPEAKS FOR ITSELF.>>ALL RIGHT. READY?>>THE FUNDING BEHIND THE PROGRAM SHOWS JUST HOW INVESTED THE ENTIRE CITY IS IN IT. FROM AN EDUCATION STANDPOINT, BUT ALSO AN ECONOMIC STANDPOINT IN TRAINING THE UPCOMING GENERATION IN TECHNOLOGY. HALF OF THE $80 MILLION IN FUNDING IS NOT EVEN COMING FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BUT FROM THE PRIVATE SECTOR.>>EVERY EMPLOYER IS CHALLENGED TODAY IN TERMS OF FINDING TALENT. WE ALL KNOW HOW HARD IT IS TO RECRUIT, HOW HARD IT IS TO FIND SKILLED TALENT, A SKILLED WORK FORCE. SO WITH THIS INITIATIVE THEY’RE AT TABLE SAYING, YOU KNOW, THIS IS OUR FUTURE, TOO. REALLY BEING INVESTED IN IT. >>BY 2020 THIS PROGRAM SHOULD BE PART OF EVERY SINGLE SCHOOL IN NEW YORK CITY. AND THE ULTIMATE GOAL, PROFICIECY IN CODING AND COMPUTING FOR 1.1 MILLION STUDENTS. FOR “SCIENCE & U!” I’M ARI GOLDBERG.>>>IF THERE IS ANY CERTAINTY IN LIFE, IT IS THAT SOONER OR LATER IT COMES TO AN END. AND EVERY CULTURE HAS IT’S OWN RITUALS FOR FUNERAL RIGHTS, BUT ONE OF THE MOST FASCINATING IS MUMMIFICATION. ANDREW FLAZON TELLS US ABOUT THE SCIENCE AND MYSTERY OF MUMMIES.>>WE ALL HEARD OF THE TREASURES ENTOMBED WITH THE MUMMIFIED DEAD, BUT THANKS TO MODERN TECHNOLOGY LIKE THIS MRI BEHIND ME, MUMMIES ARE UNVEILING A TREASURE TROVE OF SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION FOR RESEARCHERS.>>THERE’S A WORLD THAT WE DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT BEFORE.>>THE MUMMIES EXHIBIT AT THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOCUSES ONE OF THE LARGEST COLLECTIONS OF MUMMIES HOUSED IN NORTH AMERICA AND A GLIMPSE INTO THE LIVES AND TRADITIONS OF PEOPLES FROM OTHER CULTURES OF THE PAST. IN TOTAL 18 MUMMIES FROM EGYPT AND PERU ARE ON DISPLAY IN CHICAGO WHERE THE EXHIBIT WAS DEVELOPED. MANY MUMMIES HAVE NOT BEEN DISPLAYED SINCE THE CHICAGO WORLD FAIR IN 1893.>>EVEN AS YOU UNWRAP THEM THERE’S THINGS YOU CANNOT SEE AS YOU STARE AT THEM THAT YOU CAN SEE WITH TECHNOLOGY.>>ONE OF THE TECHNOLOGY IS THE CT SCANNER. EACH SCAN IS TOTALLY NONINVASIVE BUT YIELDS A WEALTH OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE MEDICAL HISTORY OF AN INDIVIDUAL INCLUDING THE CAUSE OF DEATH. >>ONE THING WE’RE DOING IS NOT JUST THE IMAGING TECHNOLOGY, THE C.A.T. SCANNING, BUT WE’RE ALSO ABLE TO DO ISOTOPE ANALYSIS.>> MUMMIFICATION INTERRUPTS THE NATURAL DECOMPOSITION OF HUMAN REMAINS BY DRYING OUT THE CORPSE. MUMMIFIED TISSUE CAN TELL THE ABOUT THE DETAILS OF HUMANS IN THE WEEKS AND MONTHS BEFORE DEATH. HAIR, NAILS AND SOFT TISSUE PROVIDE DIETARY INFORMATION. BONE WILL YIELD 5 TO 20 YEARS OF DIETARY HISTORY PRIOR TO DEATH DEPENDING ON THE BONE ANALYZED.>>TO HAVE A HEAD OF HUMAN HAIR, A STRAND OF HAIR IS A REMARKABLE THING IN THE HANDS OF A SCIENTIST THESE DAYS.>>SCIENCE IS ALSO ABLE TO RECREATE THE DEAD AS THEY REALLY LOOKED. FORENSIC SCULPTURES ARE ABLE TO RECONSTRUCT LAYERS OF MUSCLE AND SKIN TO SHOW HOW THE PERSON MAY HAVE LOOKED WHEN THEY WERE ALIVE. THE MUMMIES EXIHIBIT WILL BE ON DISPLAY UNTIL JANUARY 7TH, 2018. I’M ANDREW FALZON FOR “SCIENCE & U!.”>>WE END TODAY WITH OUR WITH OUR HEALTH AND AN IN DEPTH LOOK AT LEWY BODY DEMENTIA. THIS DEVASTATING ILLNESS HAS AFFECTED MANY PEOPLE INCLUDING ACTORS ROBIN WILLIAMS AND ESTELLE GETTY. MAGALIE LAGUERRE-WILKINSON BREAKS DOWN THE SPECIFICS OF THE DISEASE AND ITS IMPACT.>>AFTER ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE, IT’S THE SECOND MOST COMMON NEURODEGENERATIVE ORDER.>>DR. THOMAS WISNIEWSKI HAS SPENT HIS CAREER OF UNLOCKING THE MOST CHALLENGING OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASES, DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES. DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES OR DLB IS A TYPE OF DISORDER ASSOCIATED WITH ABNORMAL CLUMPS OF PROTEIN DEPOSITS KNOWN AS LEWY BODIES, THAT BUILD UP IN THE BRAIN. NO SINGULAR TEST CAN DEFINITELY DIAGNOSE DLB, BUT TELLTALE SYMPTOMS INCLUDE FLUCTUATIONS IN MOOD, PRONOUNCED VARIATIONS IN ATTENTION AND ALERTNESS THAT CAN SHIFT BY THE HOUR AND HALLUCINATION IN VISION, SMELL, TASTE AND TOUCH.>>HAVING PARKINSONIAN FEATURES ARE ALSO INDICATIONS OF DEMENTIA LEWY BODIES. THAT STIFFNESS, THAT RIGIDITY, SLOWNESS IN MOVEMENT AND GAIT. >>AN ESTIMATED 1.4 MILLION AMERICANS LIVE WITH DLB, AND IT REQUIRES A COMPREHENSIVE TREATMENT APPROACH. DR. WISNIEWSKI IS THE DIRECTOR OF THE CENTER FOR COGNITIVE NEUROLOGY AT NYU LANGONE MEDICAL CENTER. HE POINTS OUT THAT CARE OF DEMENTIA PATIENTS, IN GENERAL, IS THE SINGLE MOST EXPENSIVE ENTITY FOR HEALTH CARE AT THE PRESENT TIME. THERE’S FRESH HOPE THAT A NEW CENTER FOR EXCELLENCE FOR ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE LAUNCHED WITH A STATE GRANT COMES AT A PERFECT MOMENT.>>THE STATE OF NEW YORK IS RECOGNIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF DEALING WITH THIS HUGE PROBLEM.>>NO SPECIFIC DRUG HAS BEEN FDA APPROVED TO TREAT DLB, AS WITH ALZHEIMERS PATIENTS, A COMPLETE DIAGNOSTIC WORKUP SHOULD BE PERFORMED.>>THIS IS AN ACTIVE AREA OF RESEARCH TO TRY TO DISCOVER THOSE BIO MARKERS, BUT AT THE PRESENT TIME THEY DON’T EXIST.>>TREATMENTS SHOULD INCLUDE MRIs AND CT SCANS OF THE BRAIN TO RULE OUT THE POSSIBILITY OF STROKES WHICH OFTEN MIMIC FEATURES OF DEMENTIA. BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES, SUCH AS PHYSICAL, SPEECH AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ALONG WITH FAMILY AND CAREGIVER COUNSELING ARE TOOLS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR A LOVED ONE.>>MANY RESEARCHERS AROUND THE WORLD AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES ARE HOPING IN THE RELATIVELY NEAR FUTURE WE’LL HAVE MUCH MORE EFFECTIVE THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES.>>I’M MAGALIE LAGUERRE-WILKINSON FOR “SCIENCE & U!.”>>THAT’S OUR SHOW FOR TODAY. THANK’S SO MUCH FOR JOINING US. I’M CAROL ANNE RIDDELL. WE’LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME ON “SCIENCE & U!.” ♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪

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